How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

Shkencë dhe teknologji

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Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
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Komente

  • SmarterEveryDay
    SmarterEveryDay13 ditë më parë

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

  • Javic167

    Javic167

    9 orë më parë

    I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.

  • Leo

    Leo

    Ditë më parë

    YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"

  • Elizabeth Cullum Hart

    Elizabeth Cullum Hart

    2 ditë më parë

    @MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering

  • Snoop Dogg

    Snoop Dogg

    3 ditë më parë

    What if it goes boom

  • Daye Jung

    Daye Jung

    4 ditë më parë

    Dustin, it would be cool if you talked about sonic booms underwater.

  • abrahameby fugui
    abrahameby fugui7 minuta më parë

    This dude wants to see everything

  • PIANCARTOON
    PIANCARTOON48 minuta më parë

    On a submarine or in a submarine? 🤔

  • No LB
    No LB2 orë më parë

    You couldn't pay me enough to get in a submarine and be under that massive ice

  • Fenborg Mathias
    Fenborg Mathias2 orë më parë

    Hey Destin! Ever thought of doing a compilation video with Taofladermaus? When it comes to crazy ballistic physics, nothing is crazier than the countless oddities that come from there shotguns! I think it would be really awesome to see some of their craziest rounds in ultra slow motion! Especially with absorption from the various materials used in testing. There's a lot of real potential to check there!

  • Andrew Hobbs
    Andrew Hobbs3 orë më parë

    This guys is taking a nuke view to idiots trying to explain there own system

  • Andrew Hobbs
    Andrew Hobbs3 orë më parë

    Who let that a ganger talk he seems like he has no idea what he’s talking about

  • Matt Black
    Matt Black4 orë më parë

    So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.

  • Isaac Woo
    Isaac Woo4 orë më parë

    ok wellllllllll what about space

  • Grimes Elianna
    Grimes Elianna5 orë më parë

    The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr

  • stellarfirefly
    stellarfirefly5 orë më parë

    Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.

  • wmopp

    wmopp

    2 orë më parë

    "small" setting may show false positives

  • Russell K
    Russell K6 orë më parë

    this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet

  • Andrew Zeitler
    Andrew Zeitler7 orë më parë

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  • Don K. Johnson
    Don K. Johnson8 orë më parë

    Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention. I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it. So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work. One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on ALthe. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.

  • Dimas Fajar Nugroho
    Dimas Fajar Nugroho8 orë më parë

    Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish

  • Abrad85
    Abrad858 orë më parë

    I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.

  • lmw lmw
    lmw lmw9 orë më parë

    Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.

  • RB
    RB9 orë më parë

    Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks

  • The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk
    The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk10 orë më parë

    Fan-tastic

  • SUNSEA5
    SUNSEA510 orë më parë

    Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.

  • Meh
    Meh12 orë më parë

    "I'm from ohio" "Oh"

  • angel gallegos
    angel gallegos12 orë më parë

    Why can’t they put a plant

  • Sean Williams
    Sean Williams12 orë më parë

    Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.

  • nocola nocola
    nocola nocola14 orë më parë

    15:03 NINE INCH NAIL

  • Jeff Mitchell
    Jeff Mitchell14 orë më parë

    "deep dive" .. lol, well played

  • Patrick Hawthorne
    Patrick Hawthorne14 orë më parë

    Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know

  • Jonathan Friesen
    Jonathan Friesen15 orë më parë

    Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜

  • dlj rocket
    dlj rocket15 orë më parë

    All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.

  • Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.

    15 orë më parë

    They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.

  • random269
    random26917 orë më parë

    Wish he could talk like a normal person.....

  • Rafael Guillen
    Rafael Guillen17 orë më parë

    Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?

  • Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.

    15 orë më parë

    The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.

  • The Murph77
    The Murph7718 orë më parë

    Nine inch nail!!

  • DommoPA
    DommoPA18 orë më parë

    Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?

  • Naveen Paraparan
    Naveen Paraparan18 orë më parë

    The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky

  • Rainbow Squash
    Rainbow Squash19 orë më parë

    Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol

  • WypmanGames
    WypmanGames19 orë më parë

    before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine

  • WypmanGames

    WypmanGames

    15 orë më parë

    @Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there

  • Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.

    15 orë më parë

    How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?

  • Enila5
    Enila520 orë më parë

    19:41 father and son

  • Juan Gabriel Falcon
    Juan Gabriel Falcon20 orë më parë

    Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)

  • Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.

    15 orë më parë

    We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.

  • Klipk
    Klipk21 orë më parë

    "So is this you job" LOL

  • J Steensgaard
    J Steensgaard22 orë më parë

    Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?

  • J Steensgaard

    J Steensgaard

    2 orë më parë

    @Eddie J. G. Alright cool. Thanks man

  • Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.

    13 orë më parë

    @J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.

  • J Steensgaard

    J Steensgaard

    14 orë më parë

    @Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?

  • Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.

    15 orë më parë

    People.

  • wabs05
    wabs05Ditë më parë

    So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class

  • B Person
    B PersonDitë më parë

    Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?

  • Andrew Murray
    Andrew MurrayDitë më parë

    All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.

  • Hey Ho
    Hey HoDitë më parë

    3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area

  • Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
    Bharat Kumar BellamkondaDitë më parë

    class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.

  • Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda
    Bharat Kumar BellamkondaDitë më parë

    this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. ALthe never fails to amaze.

  • Sheik S
    Sheik SDitë më parë

    I learn more information about your tips

  • only pain
    only painDitë më parë

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  • Joe D
    Joe DDitë më parë

    This was an amazing video

  • Fenrir Nobody
    Fenrir NobodyDitë më parë

    When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.

  • Sniperbuddy Dex
    Sniperbuddy DexDitë më parë

    i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video

  • Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.

    15 orë më parë

    We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.

  • dsfgh zxc
    dsfgh zxcDitë më parë

    so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air

  • rollonbc
    rollonbcDitë më parë

    What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?

  • Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.

    14 orë më parë

    @rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.

  • rollonbc

    rollonbc

    15 orë më parë

    @Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?

  • Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.

    15 orë më parë

    The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.

  • Silvia Fox
    Silvia FoxDitë më parë

    Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.

  • Dalton Cloninger
    Dalton CloningerDitë më parë

    The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.

  • Jeffstan F
    Jeffstan FDitë më parë

    Oxygen not included. Both way applied.

  • Open your eyes
    Open your eyesDitë më parë

    4:40 the dude in the back lol

  • Bryan Overton
    Bryan OvertonDitë më parë

    "We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.

  • scubaseppy
    scubaseppyDitë më parë

    Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?

  • Tom Liu
    Tom LiuDitë më parë

    Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )

  • Nate
    NateDitë më parë

    Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.

  • Bath Minchew
    Bath MinchewDitë më parë

    The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears

  • Jacob DeBerry
    Jacob DeBerryDitë më parë

    Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?

  • Wild Mountain Gwendy
    Wild Mountain GwendyDitë më parë

    Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.

  • Jason Garfitt
    Jason GarfittDitë më parë

    This is a great video

  • Trevor Johnston
    Trevor JohnstonDitë më parë

    Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,

  • Mr. Gherkin
    Mr. GherkinDitë më parë

    O x y g e n

  • John Springart
    John SpringartDitë më parë

    Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!

  • Michael Lederman
    Michael LedermanDitë më parë

    About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.

  • Timothy Jeffiers
    Timothy JeffiersDitë më parë

    Cool stuff

  • David Nielsen
    David NielsenDitë më parë

    first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty

  • Muscle Head
    Muscle HeadDitë më parë

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  • SlipKnighT09
    SlipKnighT09Ditë më parë

    Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air

  • Test Test
    Test TestDitë më parë

    "So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.

  • siren synapse
    siren synapseDitë më parë

    Only God can make oxygen, beotch.

  • Daniel Curtis
    Daniel CurtisDitë më parë

    I could be wrong but I believe NaOH can work for scrubbing CO2. I always thought lithium hydroxide was used because it’s the lightest available hydroxide available. And on a boat or in space I hear weight is a bit of an issue...

  • Dan Ostrom
    Dan OstromDitë më parë

    so what do they do with the salt (NaCl) that is left over from process?

  • Eddie J. G.

    Eddie J. G.

    15 orë më parë

    Out with the garbage.

  • Willywamo
    WillywamoDitë më parë

    Thumbnail looks like a KitKat made of air

  • Noah Manji
    Noah ManjiDitë më parë

    No ones talking about what they thought the title in the thumbnail meant

  • Samuel Lipscomb
    Samuel LipscombDitë më parë

    Thank you.

  • budgiefriend
    budgiefriendDitë më parë

    How about a small break? 🐒 @ :-)

  • Johan Faas
    Johan FaasDitë më parë

    The hydrogen created in the oxigen process is thrown over board....

  • Drunk Astronaut
    Drunk AstronautDitë më parë

    Can you do a video on the “ Tennis Racquet Theorem” aka “Dzhanibekov Effect”

  • Chris Hayes
    Chris HayesDitë më parë

    Can anyone comment on how often leaks occur?

  • sffsd sfsf
    sffsd sfsfDitë më parë

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  • Ptao Tom
    Ptao TomDitë më parë

    He's looks so young yet knows every little detail when questioned. Props to Dow from Ohio

  • Darth Vaper
    Darth VaperDitë më parë

    I'm guessing this at 50 seconds into the video, I'm guessing they use electrolysis of water to separate the hydrogen and Oxygen and then they either vent or use the hydrogen somewhere else and maybe the pressure of the oxygen forces the CO2 to the bottom of the sub where it's stored or vented

  • Ptao Tom

    Ptao Tom

    Ditë më parë

    Plug.. Hole😂😂😂

  • kuddi B
    kuddi BDitë më parë

    Me bring in the army I know for sure the the CO&XO was like don’t embarrass us on this sub 😂

  • Noname Lolnonono
    Noname LolnononoDitë më parë

    Because they make there own 😂😂

  • Ryan Krystowski
    Ryan KrystowskiDitë më parë

    This channel makes me smarter...every day!

  • jackvonpit the last
    jackvonpit the lastDitë më parë

    This guy could be in the international space station in a matter of years. Love the videos

  • Hazy Skies
    Hazy SkiesDitë më parë

    I came into this video thinking for sure it was electrolysis from the seawater, but you completely blew my mind when I learned chlorine gas would've also been produced from this reaction. Now I'm *very* interested to hear how they do it. Perhaps by somehow removing the carbon from the CO² to produce O²? Guess I'll find out... **Presses play again**

  • Hazy Skies

    Hazy Skies

    Ditë më parë

    Oxygen producing candles... ... ... ... Nope, I got nothing. I'm speechless.

  • Hazy Skies

    Hazy Skies

    Ditë më parë

    Oh, so it *is* still electrolysis, just after filtration... Well that's a little disappointing, oh well :/

  • Riadul Islam
    Riadul Islam2 ditë më parë

    Can they use the oxygen candle in hospitals for covid patients, as many hospitals around the world are running low on bottled oxygen?

  • Alex Fox
    Alex Fox2 ditë më parë

    use the oxygen candle for deep diving!

  • Alex Fox
    Alex Fox2 ditë më parë

    Devin keeps using all the oxygen!

  • MrAnthism
    MrAnthism2 ditë më parë

    No windows? Not a job for me!!!

  • Poop Smith
    Poop Smith2 ditë më parë

    Electrolysis would be my guess. Tons of surrounding water, tons of electricity because you have a reactor, and you're already using some for desalinization.

  • Marco Badici
    Marco Badici2 ditë më parë

    Russian scientists: "write that down, write it down"

  • Clasmir
    Clasmir2 ditë më parë

    You had all my respect until I saw your running outfit. Dude... :) lol

  • Flowmasta Flam
    Flowmasta Flam2 ditë më parë

    sure, sniff away.

  • Marc C
    Marc C2 ditë më parë

    i feel like every crew is a scientist lol